Page 15 - Chiron Spring 2018
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Blenkinsop, Major General Sir L.J.
& Lieut.Colonel Rainey J.W. (Eds), Veterinary Services, HMSO, 1925. Brereton, JM, The Horse in War 1914, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1976 Butler, Simon, War Horse, Halsgrove, 2011
Clabby, Brigadier John, The History of the RAVC 1919-1961, J. Allen, 1963. Gray, Ernest. A, Dogs of War,Robert Hale Ltd, 1989.
Koenig, Robert, The Fourth Horseman, Public Affairs, 2009.
Koenig, Robert, War Horse and the Great War’s equine holocaust, St. Louis Beacon, 06/07/2012
Leckie, V.C, Lieut. Colonel, A Centaur Looks Back, Hodder & Stoughton, 1946 Moore, Major General Sir John, In
The Beginning, J.Royal Army Vet Corps,1938, Vol8,No1, pp10-123. Shaw Baker, Peter, Animal War Heroes, A&C Black Ltd, 1933
Smith, Sir Frederick, A History of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps 1796- 1919, Livesey Ltd, Shrewsbury, 1983. Van Emden, Richard, Tommy’s Ark, Soldiers and Their Animals in the Great War, Bloomsbury, 2010.
War Office, Statistics of the military effort of the British Empire during the Great War 1914-1920, HMSO, 1922.
Website Sources:, Creative Commons Attribution-Share A-like License. Camel Corps Animal in World
War I cavalry during the First World War forgottenarmy.htm untold-story-of-the-million-horses- sent-93663
www.HistoryintheHeadlines – war- animals-from-horses-to-glowworms eARMOR/content/Historical/Regan.html ww1/25403860 article-492582/Forgotten-Heroes-A- million-horses heritage/animalsinwar/details/-/article/ EM
Stories from the great war.blogspot. com/:Pottsville Miners Journal, July 1918, Frank Taylor UPI corresp.
Other Sources:
Burnham, John , Quote from ‘Forever Thoughts’ - on the Animal Memorial in Dartmouth Park, Morley, Leeds, 2011.
First published as Chapter 15 in Britain goes to War on 9th November 2015 by Pen & Sword
‘Worse than dying in a war is to be forgotten’
John Burnham 2011
Memorials to the huge number of soldiers killed during the Great War are common in all the countries which fought and it is not surprising that memorials to military animals also exist. A particularly poignant one in Edinburgh depicts canaries and mice, described as the ‘Tunnelers’ Friends’, used to indicate foul air in tunnels dug on the Western Front. It also depicts a mule, horse, camel, reindeer, dog, ox, elephant and carrier pigeons and is truly indicative of the many species that served.
In addition to the many personal memorials to individual animals placed by their owners or the regiments who cared for them, there were other institutional ones in Great Britain. The RSPCA opened a memorial dispensary in London and the Royal Veterinary College started a fund to re-equip the college as their form of memorial.
There is a bronze group by H. Haseltine, ‘Les revenants’, in the Imperial War Museum, showing worn-out and gassed horses returning from the Front yet nothing was done on a national level until 2004 when the ‘Animals in War’ memorial in Park Lane London was dedicated. It shows heavily laden mules struggling towards a gap in the surrounding wall suggesting relief from the horrors of war.
Similar national memorials exist in Canada in the form of three distinctive and revealing bronze plaques and in Australia where the memorial is in the shape of a horse’s head upon a granite column, the last remaining fragment of Charles Web Gilbert`s original Desert Mounted Corps memorial [Australian Light Horse and the New Zealand Mounted Rifles], which stood at Port Said, Egypt until it was destroyed during the Suez Crisis of 1956.
In constant memory of all those animals who served in the Great War who gave of their trust, unswerving loyalty and companionship Faithful even unto death

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