Page 28 - 2019-Performance-Health-UK-Product-Guide
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 Different Types of Splints
Splints are classified in a variety of ways.
The Splint Classifications System (American Society of Hand Therapy, 1992) has been developed but many clinicians still use the day-to-day terms of static, dynamic, static progressive or serial splints. These are defined below as they are most commonly used in workplaces today.
   Static Splints
  A static splint has no moving parts and may be supportive, corrective or protective.
   Serial Static Splints
Serial static splints position soft tissues towards the end of their available range to help increase tissue length. Serial splinting involves either a series of adjustments to the same splint or the therapist making a series of splints.
   Dynamic Splints
A dynamic splint consists of a static base onto which levers, springs or pulleys may be attached. They assist weak muscle function, mobilise stiff joints or may substitute for lost muscle or nerve function.
   Static Progressive Splints
  Static progressive splints involve the application of a low-load prolonged stretch at the end of the available movement. They often involve the use of turnbuckles, screws or non-elastic tape. They are sometimes classified as a dynamic splint.
  Pre-Fabricated Splints
  Pre-fabricated splints are frequently used by clinicians. They offer the user a quick, ready-made splint, which may be beneficial in terms of time and cost effectiveness. They are available for many joints, in a wide variety of sizes, price points and colours. Most are adjustable and require a thorough assessment by the clinician prior to issue.
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