Page 13 - BREXIT 2
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The Worshipful Company of Farmers The Worshipful Company of Farmers On the the economic aspects the the declaration “envisages “comprehensive arrangements that will create a a a a a a a a a free trade area combining deep regulatory and customs cooperation underpinned by provisions ensuring a a a a a a a level playing field for open and fair competition” As far as tariffs are concerned the parties expect that “The economic partnership should through a a a a a a a Free Trade Agreement ensure no no tariffs fees charges or quantitative restrictions across all sectors with with appropriate and and modern accompanying rules of origin and and with with ambitious customs arrangements ” They want to to to “promote regulatory approaches that are are transparent efficient promote avoidance of unnecessary barriers to to trade in goods and are compatible to to the extent possible” The document speaks of of “ambitious” customs arrangements “mutual recognition of of trusted traders' programmes administrative cooperation in in customs and and and value added tax (VAT) matters and and and mutual assistance and and and exchange of information” What do these agreements mean for the the the the food and agricultural sectors? Until the the the the end of 2020 with the the the the one critical exception of labour and immigration there is essentially no no change in the the economic relations with the EU
2 2 2 2 3 Labour and and immigration During the last quarter century given free movement of citizens and and accompanying EU
enlargement the the UK’s agriculture and and the the food and and hospitality sectors have made
considerable use of of labour provided by citizens of of other EU
Member States In agriculture this reliance involves
both seasonal and casual workers especially used for harvesting but also includes a a a a a a a a a a large number of full-
time workers in in in in production agriculture in in in in many roles in in in in slaughterhouses meat and other food processing and and in in in in the the the catering and and hospitality sectors This free movement in in in in the the the EU
continues to to apply until the the the end of transition EU
citizens living in in the UK are now required to apply for ‘settled status’ by 30/6/2021 and will generally be permitted to remain The bureaucracy surrounding this requirement and the political messages
throughout the the 5-year Brexit campaign have certainly been unsettling to EU
citizens living or or working in in in in in the the UK or contemplating coming here Government has clearly signalled its intention to exert greater control
over immigration – especially from the the EU
The explicit (but comprehensively failed) target deployed for the the last decade to to reduce annual net total (EU and non-EU) immigration below 100 000 was dropped in the 2019
manifesto but a a a a a a a a a large expectation has none-the-less been created that immigration will fall Unsurprisingly
therefore net EU
migration has fallen considerably from approaching 200 000 000 in in in 2014 at at its peak to 50 000 000 in in in 4 2018 The general point is is that EU
labour is is expected to be less available in in in the the UK in in in the the future The new points-based immigration system comes into force on on on 1/1/21 Government guidance on on on this for for employers sates that: “The new system will treat EU1 and and non-EU citizens equally and and transform the way in which all migrants come to to the UK to to work Under a a a a a a a points-based immigration system points points are assigned
for specific skills qualifications salaries and shortage occupations Visas are then awarded to those who gain 5 enough points” EU
workers who are already here may apply for settled status The new system applies to future potential immigrants Seventy points are required for entry and the key characteristics
4 Migration is a a a a a a a a a a a complex multi-factor phenomenon there are a a a a a a a a a a a range of of explanations for the the the the development path of of migration between the the the the UK and the the the the EU
EU
As the the the the the Member States which acceded to the the the the the EU
EU
in in in 2004 and 2014 develop many of their citizens return The fall in in in the the the the the pound/rise in in in the the the the the Euro following the the the the referendum also contributed to to reduced flows as it fit eroded the the the the higher wage benefit of the the the the UK relative to to other EU
countries Note there was also a a a a surge of UK emigration to the the the EU
following the the the referendum 5 The Government guidance on on on the Points Based System is here: https://www gov gov uk/government/publications/uk-points-based-immigration- system-employer-information/the-uks-points-based-immigration-system-an-introduction-for-employers
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