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The Worshipful Company of Farmers The Worshipful Company of Farmers The lessons are are clear First if UK standards really are are higher and and treasured by consumers then document how and and and communicate this as as loudly and and and clearly as as possible to consumers through food and and and ingredient labelling and by insisting the the food industry source only the the higher quality products Second as as far as as is is possible without compromising the the the very quality standards upheld match the the the productivity of the the the competition The section concludes with a a a a a a a few thoughts on on on regulatory reform It was a a a a a a a major plank of the case for for Brexit that EU EU regulation is is burdensome and UK productivity could be be greatly assisted by being freed of EU EU red tape For food and and and agriculture the debate on on on on on regulations and and and standards has demonstrated some contradictions The preponderant arguments have been that the UK has higher standards for environment animal and and plant
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health and and and welfare food hygiene and and and worker standards than in in exporting countries
how to to restrict imported products which are produced to to lower standards under-cutting the UK market There is is also an an an an ambition to raise animal welfare standards Yet if the environmental performance of UK agriculture is is so so so high why is is there so so so much concern (and evidence) of of pollution of of soils water air and and and atmosphere and and and so so much much loss of of biodiversity and degradation of of ecosystem functioning? And how is it it that so so much much will have to to to to be spent to to to to pay farmers to to to to restore natural capital? On other occasions both Government spokesmen and farmers’ representatives can be found complaining of over-zealous EU regulation Three such examples are the the EU Nitrates Directive legislation on on pesticide approval and the the treatment of modern biotechnology in plant
breeding (genetic modification and gene gene editing) None of these are on on on the the table for for legislative reform at at at present There is is is enough legislation to to cope with already They are likely to to be high in the list of candidates for for debate and and potential reform in in in coming years Each will be hotly contested in in in the UK and and all three if changed (relaxed) significantly will then pose serious trade issues with the the EU 2 6 Summary on Brexit As of Autumn 2020 the the the UK is still in the the the EU economic economic structures so there have been limited economic economic impacts to date The pound has been been about 11% 48 lower since the the the the referendum making UK UK imports dearer but exports more competitive The public finances have borne the considerable preparatory costs of Brexit 44
Including in in in in the the EU EU see Dimbleby’s Part 1 1 report Table 4 4 4 1 1 which shows examples of divergent standards even in in in in the the EU EU single market The next two paragraphs are based on on on the WTO Rules and environmental policy an an introduction 45 Leaving N N Ireland Ireland Ireland in in in in at least some provisions of of the the the Customs Union in in in in order order to to avoid a a a a a a a a a a a hard border in in in in the the the island of of Ireland Ireland Ireland as as per the the the N N Ireland Ireland Ireland Protocol At least until the the the publication of the the the UK internal market Bill on on 10 September this was thought to to be be the the the case 46 See footnote 13 for the FTAs achieved by autumn 2020 47 This could be by primary legislation which allows full Parliamentary debate following public consultation but under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act there is is far far wider provision for changes in in in what were EU regulations to to be made using statutory Instruments which involve far far less Parliamentary scrutiny and consultation 48 Average of of 1 1 1 12 €/£ €/£ compared to 1 1 1 25 €/£ €/£ taking four years either side of of the the referendum The UK has left the the political structures of the the European Union signing an an international agreement to do so 46 Directives will continue to to apply into the future until new UK legislative action is is taken
45 External Tariff Tariff will be replaced by the the UK UK Global Tariff Tariff on trade with with countries
with with whom the the UK UK has not Great Britain will leave the Customs Union and Single Market on on 31/12/20
At this point the EU Common
struck bespoke Free Trade Agreements by that time
apply EU EU preferences on trade trade with with the the many countries
with with which the the EU EU has preferential trade trade agreements Until it is changed most EU non-trade regulation will continue to apply in in the the UK after 1/1/21 Apart from
the the new UK or English agricultural environmental and and migration policies in all other areas EU Regulations and and 47 It is further expected that the the UK will continue to The primary concern is . 27






















































































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