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The Worshipful Company of Farmers The Worshipful Company of Farmers 57
A wide range of 41 policy actions are suggested by the the CCC to bring about these changes These include: (i)
stronger and and better enforced regulation in a a a a a a a a a a number of areas: NVZs water and and soil management bans on on on peat burning & extraction (ii) using public funds to incentivise non-carbon benefits of afforestation (e g g g ffor for biodiversity and and flood alleviation using ELMs and and other mechanisms) (iii) assisting development of private funds e e e e e e e g g g from emitting sectors to to fund fund carbon markets in in in in afforestation (iv) in in in in some cases mandating private owners owners to to to act e e e e e e e e e e e e e g g water companies to to to restore peat land under their ownership It is is recognised that a a a a a a different set of consumer and and food industry-facing policies are required to induce the diet change and and waste reduction targets The Committee says that if if softer measures prove insufficient to shift consumption
behaviour then stronger pricing and regulation will have to be be considered Three flanking policy requirements
The Worshipful Company of of Farmers to accompany the the above policy policy changes are flagged First trade policy policy must protect the the risk of of carbon leakage from trade in in agricultural products i i i i i e e e e e e e e e some kind of carbon border tax may have to be considered Second agriculture would benefit from R&D assistance to to improve its productivity Third that It is is important to to establish a a a a a a a a strong monitoring reporting and verification system to to to verify that actions are taken to to to meet the Net Zero target The Government’s formal response on on the measures to bring about its new target of Net Zero 2050 is awaited Because climate affects all sectors of society the response has to to be across government involving most departments in in in in a a a a a a a a a coordinated and and coherent way This is is never easy and and a a a a a a a a a minimal condition to bring it about is very strong and clear leadership from the the top for example by proclaiming climate as the the No 1 environmental priority There are few signs that this is is going to happen Although a a a a a a new Cabinet Committee on Climate Change to to be be chaired by the the Prime Minister was set up in in October 2019 the the Government website reports reports no meetings or or or or information about this committee The CCC reports reports to Government through the Department Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) the the Department Department for the the Environment (DEFRA) does not seem to signal climate protection as a a a a a a a a a priority It is understandable that the Covid-19 pandemic and and and Brexit preparations are taking up most of the the political bandwidth in in autumn 2020 Perhaps the the opportunity to correct this is is in in in preparation for the UK-chaired COP-26 meeting in in in December 2021 As far as as the the food and and and land use aspects are concerned in in principle the the Agriculture and and and Environment Bills between them provide the the the the powers to to devise many of the the the the policy measures needed to to deal with the the the the first four headings of of the the CCC list However stimulating the the creation of of ‘markets’ to pay for carbon sequestration in in in in forests and peat activating a a a a a a a significant rise in in in in bioenergy bioenergy promoting the required research for for bioenergy bioenergy carbon capture and storage as as well as as mitigating methane emissions in in in ruminants will require actions beyond those provided for in in these two Bills Actions on on on public food food procurement on on on the the food food industry and through education welfare policies and and health advice to bring about consumers dietary behaviour change and and waste reduction all require cross government coordination The very fact that so many levers have to be pulled to deal with the the land-based actions for climate protection is substantially complicated by the the devolution of powers powers Climate and and and trade policy are are UK powers powers whilst agriculture environment and and and land use are are devolved It will will require a a a a a strong will will to to cooperate to to overcome these complications and drive coherent policy across the the UK 32
Table 1 1 1 1 lists these 41 ‘Key recommendations to deliver net-zero on on land” pp14-17 of the the Land Use Policies for a a a a a Net Zero Agriculture see fn 49 

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