Page 44 - BREXIT 2
P. 44

The Worshipful Company of Farmers The Worshipful Company of Farmers This should address the the the identified needs driving towards the the the nine agreed objectives of the the the policy all within a a a a a common framework The nine objectives comprise three each for economic environmental and social needs with quite detailed targets and outcomes defined The second important change is to subject all measures including Pillar 1 payments to to to a a a a a a a a monitoring and evaluation process to to to ensure they are helping achieve the the objectives A new element in the the policy to to help raise the the climate and environmental ambitions is is to to create a a a a a a a Pillar 1 Eco scheme to to replace the ineffective greening measures These reforms give scope to to Member States to to reshape the the the the the policy to to suit their their circumstances and if they they wanted they they could increase their their environmental ambitions and actions All the signs are that in most Member States this opportunity will not be be pursued CAP
stasis prevails The Worshipful Company of Farmers In short by 2027 UK farmers farmers will will have lost their Basic Payments whilst farmers farmers across the the channel will will continue
to receive payments averaging perhaps €250/hectare on their eligible hectares Meanwhile the the identical debates which have taken place in the the UK are mirrored by very similar discussions taking place in in in in in Brussels and especially in in in in in countries in in in in in north west Europe An indication that these are not simply pie-in-the-sky ideas of academics and NGOs is is that the the new European Commission in in its first political act after coming into office in in in December 2019 announce a a a a a a Green Deal for Europe to to be be followed up by a a a a a a `Farm to Fork’ strategy for for for the EU food system and and strategies inter alia for for for biodiversity climate and and forestry The debates in four countries are summarised as follows Given that France is the EU’s largest agricultural agricultural power and has been a a a a a a a a a a driving force in in EU EU agricultural agricultural policy since the the the the birth of of the the the the CAP
in in in the the the the 1960s the the the the French case is of of great interest The political battle between the the the production-oriented approach of the the the biggest farming organisations and those concerned about the the the environmental cost of this approach has been steadily moving towards the latter since 2007 That year 70
President Sarkozy initiated a a a a series of meetings called the Grenelle d’Environment These discussions between government business unions and civil society organisations sought to draw up actions for the environment as as a a a a a a a contribution to Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Since then there has been a a a a a a a progression of of policy statements and laws which seek to to encourage a a a a a a a transition of of French agriculture to to agroecology This was subsequently enshrined in in the the 2014 French Law for for the the Future for for Agriculture Food
and Forestry which promotes the the idea of of agroecological agroecological practices Targets for the the adoption of of agroecological agroecological principles in in in in farming have have been set a a a a a a a a number of times initially to have have agroecology adopted by 200 000 farms by 2025 All this of of course was to be operated within the the structures and rules of of the the CAP
But progress has has been slow As part of of this drive French policy has has made specific efforts to contain the use of of pesticides again without notable success Over time the ‘agroecology project’ has widened to embrace a a a a a a a a variety of less
72 environmentally damaging agricultural practices 70
The name Grenelle Grenelle came from the the the street Rue de Grenelle Grenelle where the the the first meeting took place near the the the French Ministry of Ecology Energy Sustainable Development and Territorial Planning 71
As explained by Gonzales et al al The French government worked on on on a a a a a a a new law made public on on on 13 October 2014 under the name of “LOI No 2014–1170 2014–1170 d’avenir pour l’agriculture l’alimentation et la forêt” (Law 2014–1170 2014–1170 of of 13 October 2014 2014 2014 of of the future for for agriculture agriculture food and forestry) This law provides a a a a a a a a a a a a rationale for for for the combination of economic environmental and and social performance through sustainable and and highly productive agroecological practices Gonzalez R A A Thomas J and and Chang M (2018) Translating Agroecology into Policy: The Case of France and and the United Kingdom Sustainability-10-02930 pdf 72 These are summarised in in late 2018 in in the communication: https://www gouvernement fr/sites/default/files/locale/piece- jointe/2018/12/20181130_panorama_de_laction_climatique_pour_lu2019agriculture_lu2019agroalimentaire_la_foret_et_la_bioeconomie_version_ anglaise_bd pdf 42

   42   43   44   45   46