Page 47 - BREXIT 2
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The Worshipful Company of Farmers The Worshipful Company of Farmers 4 Lessons from these reports and the the UK’s strategic choices
To this point Chapter 2 has laid out the the main elements of the the UK’s post-Brexit legislative framework for food and agriculture although of course this does not not specify the critical implementation details which are not not yet available Chapter 3 has has summarised five examples of the high-level policy thinking which has has characterised the the UK debate on our food system and and and rural land use in the the last five years and and and shown that similar ideas are afoot in the the the the EU What are are the the the the lessons from these analyses and what are are the the the the key strategic choices
which have to be made?
4 1 Lessons for the UK food system and and land use The five studies reviewed in in in Chapter 3 all insist that a a a a a a a a food system approach is is essential to see farming in in in its correct context In rising to the challenges faced production agriculture cannot be ‘fixed’ in in in isolation Actors throughout the food chain have have to to be involved including consumers This in in in in in turn will have have important implications for for food prices and and thus social welfare and and for for international trade All that said the ultimate focus of this paper is is to to understand the the implications for the the UK farm sector It can be drawn from the the the the five UK (and the the the the EU studies) that the the the the three principal challenges to the the the the European food system and and and land use are are diets & ill health climate change and and and biodiversity degradation These issues are are becoming generally accepted as defining the fundamental unsustainability of our food system This is is what poses the long run food security challenge Four of the five studies (CCC Lang FFCC and and NFS) major on diets health and and food waste 78
In essence the 78
Helm does not because his focus is is is is natural capital and and and and thus land use use and and and and production But he he he is is is is well aware of the diet and and and and health issue 79 This is is is fully explored in in Buckwell et al (2018) Where is is is the safe operating space for for EU livestock? RISE Foundation Brussels The uncomfortable
truth about over-consuming protein protein is that the the the surplus to to requirements as as protein protein has to to be deaminated by the the the body and then burned for energy – an extremely wasteful process diagnosis is is that compared to dietary guidelines defining the intake of nutrients required for body growth maintenance and and activity a a a a a a a a a a a significant part of the population is over-consuming calories from sugars and and fats and and over-consuming protein protein There is still too too much salt in in in in our diets and and too too little fibre The The protein protein overconsumption is particularly pernicious because the growing of crops to to feed animals and livestock production itself are are biologically inefficient and and leaky and and are are responsible for much of the agricultural 79 The case against this overconsumption is is both the life-shortening health costs to individuals and pollution
society and the the environmental damage of the the production associated with this unnecessary consumption Overconsumption and waste represent a a a a a massive misuse of scarce resources 45



























































































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