Page 137 - Lasers and IPLs in Medical/Aesthetic Applications v1.2
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Chapter 1 – Fundamentals of Medical/Aesthetic Lasers and IPLs v1.2
Now you have the data necessary to produce a ‘calibration chart’. The table below is an example of such data:
     Laser energy setting (mJ)
 Measured output energy (Joules)
   Spot size (mm)
     Spot area (cm2)
                   200
    0.23
    2.0
       0.0314
     300
0.31
 2.3
  0.0415
     400
 0.44
   2.6
     0.0531
     500
    0.63
    3.0
       0.0706
     600
   0.83
  3.4
    0.0907
   Remember that 1000 mJ = 1 Joule (so, 230 mJ = 0.23 J)
So, to calculate the output fluence (energy density) for each input level, we simply divide the ‘measured output energy’ by the ‘spot area’:
     Laser energy setting (mJ)
      Output fluence (J/cm2)
          200
   7.3
     300
      7.5
    400
 8.3
     500
      8.9
    600
    9.1
  In the real world, the spot diameter will change as the laser energy is increased. This is simply because the laser generation process inside the medium is more efficient (typically). Hence, a higher energy will emerge in a slightly larger area.
Since the fluence (energy density) is the applied energy divided by the spot size area, this will change is either of these values are changed.
The calibration chart for the above set of data is:
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Chapter 1 LEVEL A Fundamentals of Lasers/IPLs
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