Page 590 - Kosovo Metohija Heritage
P. 590

 Dušan T. Bataković
The Vilayet of Kosovo, 1977–1912
and Cetinje, bolstered by the Russian embassy in Con- stantinople, resulted in a Serb prelate, Dionisije Petrović (1896–1900), being appointed as Raška–Prizren Metro- politan. in accord with the Belgrade government, the new metropolitan, as well as his successor Nićifor Perić (1901– 1911), carried out a broad reorganization of both ecclesi- astical and educational institutions for the Christian Serbs, opened new schools, renewed teaching staff, established new church-school communities, and coordinated all ac- tivities relating to important national affairs.98
Serbia, on her part, planned to open a consulate in Prizren (1898–1900) so as to facilitate daily communica- tion with the Raška–Prizren Metropolitan and to provide moral support to the discriminated local Serb population. However, as the local Muslim albanians threatened to burn all Serb houses and shops in the town and sent fierce protests to the Porte, Serbia eventually gave up the idea altogether.99
Systematic persecution against the Serbs in Kosovo, Metohija and Slavic-inhabited Macedonia, flaring from 1882, was an integral part of Sultan abdülhamid ii’s pan- islamic policy. Seeking to put an end to this situation, Ser- bian envoy to Constantinople Stojan Novaković made a solitary effort of diplomatic pressure on the Sublime Porte
99 D.T. Bataković, “Pokušaji otvaranja srpskog konzulata u Prištini 1898–1900”, Istorijski časopis XXXi (1984), 249–250.
in 1898/99. In his diplomatic note submitted to the Otto- man Foreign Minister, Novaković stressed that “crimes and robberies are daily occurrences, and the perpetra- tors not only remain unpunished, they are not even pur- sued by the [Ottoman] authorities. The number of refu- gees fleeing across the border for their lives is enormous, and increases daily. according to the data the Royal gov- ernment [of Serbia] possess, more than four hundred crimes have been perpetrated in the sanjaks of Priština, Novi Pazar, Peć and Prizren within a few months, last sum- mer and winter. They include murder, arson, banditry, des- ecration of churches, rape, abduction, robbery, raiding of whole herds. This figure accounts for only part, one-fifth at most, of what really happened, since most crimes have remained unreported because the victims or their fami- lies dare not complain.”100
Formal investigations by Ottoman authorities had no significant results, nor did they in any way improve the security of the Serb population in Old Serbia. Deprived of Russian support in Constantinople, the government in Belgrade accomplished nothing. a plan to submit a bilin- gual “Blue Book” of diplomatic correspondence on rich- ly-documented albanian violence against Christian Serbs in Old Serbia to the 1899 international Peace Conference at Hague was prevented by austria-Hungary, after the pro- test sent to King alexander i Obrenović of Serbia, politi- cally bound to Vienna by secret treaties. in the absence of official support, Serb refugees from Old Serbia and Slav- ic Macedonia sent a memorandum to the Conference, but their complaints about being systematically discriminat- ed by Muslim albanian outlaws were not put on the of- ficial agenda.101 The policy of impunity of which the Mus- lim albanians, under the auspices of Sultan abdülhamid ii himself, took full advantage in the 1880s and in particu- lar the 1890s, gradually turned into uncontrolled anarchy which was causing serious troubles for both the governor (vali) of Kosovo and the central government in Constan- tinople.102
Western travel accounts from the very end of the nine- teenth century vividly portray the precarious situation of the Christian Orthodox Serb population in Kosovo and Metohija and the neighbouring areas of Old Serbia (Vilay- et of Kosovo):
100 Documents diplomatiques Correspondance concernant les actes de violence et de brigandage des Albanais dans la Vieille Serbie (Vilayet de Kosovo) 1898–1899 (Belgrade: Ministère des affaires etran- gères, MDCCCXCIX). It is a bilingual French/Serbian edition of diplomatic correspondence of Serbian Minister to the Sublime Porte Stojan Novaković with Tevfik–Pasha, the Ottoman Minister of For- eign affairs. Serbian title: Prepiska o arbanaskim nasiljima u Staroj Srbiji (Kosovski vilajet) 1898–1899 (Beograd: Ministarstvo inostranih dela ,MDCCCXCiX)
101 D.T. Bataković, “Memorandum Srba iz Stare Srbije i Makedo- nije Medjunarodnoj konferenciji mira u Hagu 1899. godine”, Prilozi za književnost, jezik, istoriju i folklor Liii–LiV (1987–88), 177–183.
102 Pisma srpskih konzula iz Prištine 1890–1900, 185–187.
Novak Ražnatović, “Rad vlade Crne Gore i Srbije na postavlja- nju srpskih mitropolita u Prizrenu i Skoplju 1890–1902. godine”, Isto- rijski zapisi XXII/2 (1965), 218–275; Istorija srpskog naroda, vol. Vi–1 (Belgrade: Srpska književna zadruga, 1983), 303–305; archimandrite Firmilijan Dražić was first appointed administrator of the Metro- politanate of Skoplje in 1897, and eventually confirmed as the Serbi- an metropolitan of this diocese in 1902. The whole of Vilayet of Ko- sovo (Old Serbia) was thus covered by the Serbian metropolitans of Raška–Prizren and Skoplje.

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