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9. Chometz becomes muktzeh after — [consult Pre-Pesach Schedule] Column D — and may, therefore, not be moved by a Jew. A non-Jew, however, may be instructed to move it.36
10. In order to fulfill the views that seudah shlishis should be eaten on Shabbos afternoon and also requires hamotzi, it is recommended to have seudah shlishis twice. The Shabbos morning meal may be divided in two in order to fulfill the mitzvah of seudah shlishis with hamotzi (see further—The Shabbos Seudos). In addition, one should eat a second seudah shlishis consisting of fish, meat, and/or fruit, starting one-half hour after midday. Cakes made from egg matzah are not permitted after — [consult Pre-Pesach Schedule] Column E. Kneidelach should not be eaten after — [consult Pre-Pesach Schedule] Column E.
11. It is customary to recite the Hagadah on Shabbos afternoon from עבדים היינו “We were slaves...” to לכפר על כל עונותינו “to atone for our sins...”37
12. Setting the table, arranging chairs, opening wine, and all other preparations for the Seder may not be done on Shabbos.
13.Although it is certainly permitted to rest on Shabbos in order to be alert for the Seder, nevertheless one should not verbally express, “I’m going to rest now for the Seder,” for this type of speech is not permitted on Shabbos, since it indicates using Shabbos
as preparation for another day.38
15 Nisan
Motzei Shabbos | March 27, 2021
If any of the items needed for the Seder had not be prepared before Shabbos, refer to page 5 §: PREPARATIONS FOR THE SEDER.
THE SHABBOS SEUDOS
THE PROBLEM
When erev Pesach falls on Shabbos, there is a conflict between two competing halachos. On one hand, the laws of Shabbos require that we eat at least two meals with bread and preferably three.39 On the other hand, the laws of erev Pesach restrict us from eating bread after the fourth hour of the day. Eating matzah is also forbidden on erev Pesach to make it evident that we are eating it at the Seder in order to fulfill the mitzvah.40 In addition, the prohibitions of possessing chometz, even on erev Pesach,41 motivate us to diminish, if not entirely avoid, the use of chometz on this day.
What is the best way, then, to handle the Shabbos seudos?
There is an additional requirement to eat hot food on Shabbos. Although the Shulchan Oruch43 discusses how to handle chometz cooking utensils that we used to cook and serve the Shabbos food for this Shabbos, it would be most advisable to avoid this issue entirely by preparing all cooked foods Pesachdik, in kosher for Pesach utensils. By so doing, the whole problem of Shabbos seudos is reduced to the choice of bread to be used for hamotzi.
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