P. 7

.. In the Beginning"

                          EARLY  HISTORY  OF  KERNERSVILLE

             In 1584 Sir Walter Raleigh dispatched an expedition                     example,  Stafford's  spring  is  the  headwaters  of  Muddy
        from  England to  the  New World  to  explore  the  country                  Creek.  Muddy  Creek  enters  the  Yadkin  River.  The
        and  select  a  suitable  site  for  a  permanent  settlement.               Yadkin  and  Rocky  Rivers  make  the  Great  Pedee.  The
        On their return, Captains Philip Amadas and Arthur Bar-                      Pedee  empties  into  the  ocean  at  Georgetown,  South
        lowe  brought  a  glowing  report  about  the  Roanoke  Is-                  Carolina.  The  spring  below  the  old  depot  is  the  head-
        land  region.  Amadas  and  Barlowe  only  saw  a  little  of                waters of Haw River.  The Dunlap springs  are the head-
        the  coastal  plain  of  our  state,  but  had  they  seen  Pied-            waters of Deep River.  Haw River  and Deep River make
        mont  North  Carolina  they  would  have  described  it  also                up  the  Cape  Fear  which  empties  at  Wilmington.  The
       as  "the  goodliest  land  under  the  cope  of  heaven".                     spring beyond Mt.  Cur cemetery goes into Belews  Creek
             Longfellow  described  the  New  World  wilderness                      which  flows  into  the  Dan  River,  then  into  the  Roanoke
       with  these  familiar  words:  "This  is  the  forest  primeval.              River  and  thence  to  Albemarle  Sound  and  the  Atlantic
       The  murmuring pines  and  the  hemlocks  ... "  The first                    Ocean.
       hui:iters  to  penetrate the  unbroken forest  of what is  now                     What  of  the  Indians  whom  early  hunters  found
       Forsyth  County  found  occasional  small  cleared  patches                   here? They left no written record, but to  this  day arrow-
       where  Indians  grew  a  little  com.  For  the  most  part                   heads  can  be  uncovered  in  certain  fields  inside  the  city
       there  was  only  the  primeval  forest - a  perfect  stand  of              limits  of  Kernersville  and  in  years  gone  by  broken  pot-

       timber  awaiting  the  permanent  settler  who  came  to                      tery  could also  be found.  There were probably no large
       claim  it.  There  were  heavier  stands  of  timber  in  other              Indian  settlements  in  this  area,  but  only  small,  transi-
       parts  of  the  New  World,  but  nowhere  was  the  quality                 tory groups.  After the defeat of warring Tuscarora tribes
       better.  All  of  the  hard  woods  common  to  the  eastern                 in the eastern part of the state,  the  surviving  Tuscaroras
       part  of  the  country  were  found  here  and  pine  forests                fled  northwestward  to  reach  their  kinsmen  of  the  Iro-
       covered  most  of  the  ridges  and  extended  well  into  the               quois  Confederacy  in  the  Great  Lakes  region.  Their
       lowlands.  Poplar,  later  used  widely  for  furniture,  was                trail  probably  led  through  this  area  and  later  became
       found  everywhere  and  black  walnut  was  u  ed,  as  it  is               the  main  highway  for  the  tide  of  the  white  man's  im-
       today,  for  the  finer  pieces  of  furniture.                              migation.
                                                                                          vVithin  the  Piedmont  area  were  numerous  tribes  of
            The topography of Kernersville had, of course, much
                                                                                    Siouan  stock.  Among  these  tribes  the  Catawbas  were
       to  do  with  its  history.  The  fact  that  this  area  was  a
                                                                                    the most numerous.  They were  a  sedentary  agricultural
       natural  watershed  was  recognized  from  the  beginning.
                                                                                    people,  skillful  in  pottery  making  and  weaving  baskets.
       Here  is  the  source  of  Haw  River,  Deep  River,  Abbotts
                                                                                    "The  flood  of  immigration  that  poured  into  the  Pied-
       Creek,  Salem  Creek,  Belews  Creek  and  Muddy  Creek.
                                                                                    mont  area  after  1700  was  little  opposed  by  the  friendly
       It is  interesting to  trace the course  of these  streams.  For

                                                                                                                      Dobson's  Crossroads.  The  Inn
                                                                                                                   in  the  background.

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