Page 26 - ASPIRE AUGUST 2022 Vol 7 Issue 3
P. 26

                               MALE INFERTILITY SIG
                                                                   WHO’s fundamental investigation and evaluation protocol for the infertile man
By Professors Gwo-Jang Wu and Atsushi Tanaka
The World Health Organisation’s 6th edition of semen analysis has become the fundamental investigation and subsequent evaluation protocol for the infertile man.
If routine semen analysis is abnormal, it should be repeated. Once the repeated semen analyses demonstrate a sperm concentration less than 15 million spermatozoa/mL, serum testosterone, serum folliclestimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) should be measured.
In cases of absence of the vas deferens on physical examination, patients should be tested for the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutations. Genetic counselling is necessary before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and IVF.
Genetic assessment for Y-chromosomal disorders should be considered in men with normal hormone concentrations or isolated elevation of serum FSH and sperm concentrations <5 million/mL.
If a Y-chromosome microdeletion or a chromosomal abnormality is found, genetic counselling is also recommended before ICSI is undertaken.
Gwo-Jang Wu (Taiwan)
Atsushi Tanaka (Japan)
  Currently, it is estimated that genetic defects may explain at least 15 per cent of all human male infertility prevalence.
One recent meta-analysis identified 92 gene-disease relationships with at least moderate evidence of a critical role in male infertility.
Theoretically, the testing of all patients for genetic anomalies has not been cost-effective. However, given recent developments in novel sequencing technologies, it is now possible to consolidate one or multiple panel tests in the Next Generation Sequencing assay. This will help to minimise costs.
More genetic research is required to help guide daily practice in male infertility, not only for diagnosis but also for counselling.
More research is required regarding counselling for infertile men before ICSI and IVF procedures are performed

   24   25   26   27   28