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        This Bibliography of Bahrain Archaeology documents more than a century of
        descriptive reports, articles, and books referencing Bahrain's ancient and recent
        archaeological past. The bibliography of nearly 700 items identifies for the first
        time as many published and unpublished papers, articles, monographs, and
        books as possible, and lists sources for unpublished papers. Unpublished
        papers are not commonly included in biographies, however they are included
        here as they represent important documents for scholars working in the area of
        Bahrain and Gulf archaeology, and for future comparative analysis and
        interpretation which goes beyond fieldwork. This reference covers a wide range
        of materials and aims to be as comprehensive as possible regarding
        archaeological activity in Bahrain, and archaeological work in nearby areas
        where mention and/or comparision is made with archaeology conducted in

        The earliest writings from Ur, Mesopotamian sacred texts as well as economic
        documents, have identified "Dilmun" as Bahrain. Bahrain's significance as an
        earlier trading center, the high concentration of burial mounds, and a number
        of other significant sites, have attracted archaeologists to Bahrain for many
        years. The first archaeological work in the Arabian Gulf was in Bahrain and
        undertaken by Capt. E.L. Durand in 1879 as recounted in his "Extracts from
        the Report on the Islands and Antiquities of Bahrain". The first long-term
        committment to Bahrain Archaeology began with the work of the Danish
        archaeological mission leaders P.V. Globb and T.G. Bibby in 1953.

        There has been a noticeable increase in archaeological activity in Bahrain
        during the past 40 years by various multi-national teams along with
        archaeologists from Bahrain's Ministry of Information. The accumulated
        discoveries, and the recent increase in analytical fieldwork in Bahrain have
        contributed to a reinterpretation of the influences of extensive contacts, and
        trade on Bahrain's material culture, and thereby contributing to its unique role
        in the ancient Near East.

        The current economic and demographic pressures to develop the land upon
        which Bahrain's richest archaeological sites are located have provided more
        incentive to promote archaeological activities to record Bahrain's past before it
        disappears. The increase in archaeological activity in Bahrain and the Gulf
        region has been met by an equal response in published materials, although
        these activities have been documented in a variety of languages due to the
        diverse multi-national nature of many of the archaeological teams working in
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