Page 6 - R_EdQuire White Paper Nov 2017 v3.4
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EdQuire White Paper: Computer	learning	behaviour	in	K-12
                                                                                                    Nov 2017 V3.4
                                                                                                      Page 6 of 15

               2.4	Students’	computer	usage	time,	On-Task	and	Off-Task	in	a	lesson

               We	calculated	each	student’s	average	On-Task,	and	Off-Task	times	per	lesson	by	dividing	their	total	times	by
               the	number	of	lessons	they	attended	and	we	averaged	their	individual	%	Off-task	times.	We	also	calculated
               pooled	Off-task	times	and	percentage.	Result

               The	average	total	active	use	of	computer	a	lesson	was	20.2	minutes.	Students	spent	on	average,	17%	of	their
               individual	lesson	computer	time	Off-task.	For	pooled	time	data,	On-task	accounted	for	18	min	and	Off-task	2
               minutes.	(Figure	2).

               Figure	2	Distribution	of	students	by	computer	usage	time	in	a	lesson	(Left)	and	Proportion	of	On-Task	vs	Off-
               Task	duration.

               In	contrast	to	Lessons,	students’	average	computer	use	time	is	normally	distributed	and	in	a	fairly	narrow
               range	of	10	to	35	minutes.	The	preponderance	of	lessons	with	low	computer	use	times	in	Figure	1	appears	at
               first	sight	to	be	at	odds	with	no	students	having	average	computer	use	<	10	minutes.	This	however	merely
               reflects	heterogeneity	of	lessons	with	respect	of	computer	use.
               The	17%	of	time	spent	Off-Task	by	students	appears	modest,	and	is	lower	than	expected	from	anecdotal
               evidence;	however	to	our	knowledge,	no	objective	data	exists	for	comparison.	The	Off-Task	might	be	lower
               than	without	EdQuire	due	to	students	being	aware	that	their	computer	use	was	being	analysed,	and	of
               course,	teachers	having	the	benefit	of	the	EdQuire	real-time	class	display.	This	display,	indicating	class
               engagement	during	lessons,	allows	teachers	to	modify	instruction	in	real	time	to	maximise	engagement	and
               to	detect	and	address	individual	student	issues.	Telemetry	certainly	confirms	teachers	were	using	the
               console	and	thus	we	expect	it	should	have	improved	engagement.	However,	in	order	to	verify	this	to	be	a
               positive	effect	of	EdQuire,	a	controlled	trial	with	a	period	of	monitoring	without	the	students’	or	teachers’
               knowledge	will	be	required.

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